Evaluation Glossary

Final Outcome

The highest-level outcome that can be reasonably attributed to a policy, program or initiative in causal manner, and is the consequence of one or more intermediate outcomes having been achieved. These outcomes usually represent the raison d'Ítre of a policy, program or initiative. They are long-term outcomes that represent a change of state of a target population. Ultimate outcomes of individual programs, policies or initiatives contribute to the higher-level departmental Strategic Outcomes.


Center of Excellence for Evaluation. (2012). Results-based management lexicon. Ottawa, ON: Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat.

Related Terms

Long-Term Outcome
Ultimate Outcome