An evaluation carried out by entities and persons free of the control of those responsible for the design and implementation of the development intervention. The credibility of an evaluation depends in part on how independently it has been carried out. Independence implies freedom from political influence and organizational pressure. It is characterized by full access to information and by full autonomy in carrying out investigations and reporting findings.
Development Assistance Committee. (2002). Glossary of key terms in evaluation and results-based management. Paris, France: OECD.